Wildlife refers to all the wild animals and plants living in this world. It plays a vital role in maintaining the balance of ecosystem on earth. There are various ways to protect or conserve the wildlife. One of the best way is by constructing national parks, sanctuaries and heritage sites. Another important point is to educate people about the importance of wildlife conservation. This will help in reducing the rate of population growth and slow down urbanization, which in turn leads to better protection for the wildlife.
The world’s wild animal and plant populations are declining for a variety of reasons. The fastest-growing threat is habitat loss and fragmentation from development and human activities. Other reasons are poaching, the illegal trade in tiger and rhinoceros horn, and climate change. National Parks, sanctuaries and other natural areas are key to protecting wildlife, but their success depends on the support of local communities. Wildlife Services helps address these challenges by working with people and their governments to promote conservation, education and responsible use of wildlife.
Wildlife also includes non-native species, which pose a threat to native biodiversity. In addition, the trade in wild-caught fish, shellfish and other aquatic creatures is a serious problem for many countries. WWF works with governments around the world to implement laws that regulate this trade, and supports training, workshops and other efforts to reduce it.
A variety of threats affect the habitats and populations of wildlife around the world, including land development, water pollution, and hunting, which is often done without consideration for the impact on the species or the environment. We also work to improve the management of natural resources such as forests and rivers, and address issues like invasive species.
The rapid increase in the population of the world is a major concern for the protection of the wildlife. Due to the fast growth in the population, humans are destroying their natural habitats by clearing the trees for construction of houses, industries etc. This causes the animal species to lose their homes and hence they are endangered. Moreover, humans hunt the wildlife for their meat, skin, teeth and horns. This leads to the extinction of several species of wildlife and thus it is necessary to save them from getting extinct.
Another reason for the extinction of the wildlife is the climate change. The climatic changes are changing the habitat of the animal species and they are unable to adapt to the new environment. The extinction of the wildlife can lead to a imbalance in the entire ecosystem. To avoid this, the climatic changes should be controlled by the government. Moreover, the wildlife should be protected with the help of in-situ and ex-situ conservation measures. The animals that are unable to survive in their natural habitats should be saved by taking them in laboratories or sanctuaries following the ex-situ conservation measures. These measures will help to protect the species of wildlife that are undergoing the extinction.