Wildlife is a term used to refer to animal species that are untouched by human activities and that live in their natural habitats. It also includes animals that are hunted or otherwise pursued for sport, as well as plants and other organisms that are not domesticated by humans.
Wild animals and plants are essential to the ecosystems that provide life on Earth. They contribute to the health of the planet by pollinating flowers, eating insects, dispersing seeds, and helping plants grow. Without them, many of the world’s plants and animals would become extinct, as well as much of the food that we enjoy.
Endangered and threatened wildlife are animals that are on the verge of extinction due to habitat destruction, climate change, human exploitation, or other factors. The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) publishes a Red List of endangered and threatened species that describes their current status, including threats to the survival of the species or its habitat.
Increasing global demand for animal products, such as meat and fur, has led to a sharp decline in wildlife populations. Similarly, the illegal trade in animal parts, such as elephant ivory and rhinoceros horns, has put wild animals at risk.
People rely on wildlife for food, fiber and medicines. They also use them for recreation and entertainment. They enjoy watching and feeding wild animals in the wild, at zoos and refuges, or in a variety of other ways.
The human population is a growing, powerful force that is bringing many of the world’s resources under threat. As a result, it is important to learn how to protect and conserve wildlife for the sake of future generations.
One way to help wildlife is by planting native plants and bushes in your yard, which will provide wildlife with food, shelter, and a place to raise families. This will keep wildlife from getting sick and threatening the health of people.
Another great way to help wildlife is to write to your federal and state elected officials encouraging them to support policies that protect wildlife. You can also sign up for AWI’s action alerts, which alert you to wildlife issues that need your attention.
The most effective way to protect wildlife is by reducing or eliminating the things that make them vulnerable to harm, such as human pollution and habitat loss. Other important ways are to educate people about the importance of preserving the planet’s wildlife and habitats, and to promote policies that allow human and wildlife to coexist in harmony.
You can also donate to organizations that work to protect wildlife and their habitats. Some examples are National Wildlife Federation, the Wildfowl Society, and the International Fund for Animal Welfare.
Some of the greatest successes in wildlife conservation are the efforts of people who love and care about the planet’s natural resources. These individuals include scientists, managers, educators, technicians, planners, and others who work to preserve and sustain the world’s wildlife. They also include students who are pursuing degrees and experience that will enable them to be the next generation of wildlife professionals.