Wildlife includes all animals that evolve or exist in a natural environment. It includes birds, fish, mammals, reptiles, insects, and plants. It includes flora and fauna in all environments, including deserts, forests, oceans, marshes, and mountains.
The extinction of many species is a major concern, and is the result of several factors. Some of these causes are deforestation, habitat loss, human intervention, disease, pollution, and overhunting.
Various organizations and governments have been trying to conserve wildlife for a long time now. Some world-famous forests and sanctuaries are dedicated and reserved for the protection of wildlife. Some of them are Kaziranga National Park in Assam, Jim Corbet National Park in Uttar Pradesh and Gir National Park in Gujrat.
People need to understand that wildlife is an important part of our ecosystem. It has many uses and benefits to our society. Animals provide jobs, help clean water, and keep the land healthy. They also help control pests and diseases.
In the United States, there are dozens of federal laws that regulate wildlife and its use. These include the Lacey Act, the Migratory Bird Hunting and Conservation Stamp Act, and the Federal Aid in Wildlife Restoration Act.
These laws protect wildlife from overhunting and the spread of diseases. They also help to fund conservation efforts through hunting fees and other fees.
There are also a number of federal agencies that manage and monitor wild animal populations. These include the Bureau of Land Management (BLM), the Forest Service, and the Department of the Interior.
The Bureau of Land Management oversees the management of wild horse and burro populations on public lands. BLM uses a system called the appropriate management level, or AML, to set a limit on how many of these animals are allowed in each area.
AMLs can be increased or decreased by the government, but the maximum allowable amount must not exceed an area’s current population. As of 2006, more than thirty-one thousand wild horses and burros were on public lands in nine western states.
These animals are managed by the Bureau of Land Management on a wide range of public lands in the western U.S. The BLM tries to maintain a healthy herd and prevent overpopulation by reducing or controlling wild horse and burro access to areas that are a nuisance to them.
Using your voice and resources is key to the protection of wildlife. Write to your elected officials in the United States and the countries where you live to encourage them to support policies that protect wild animals and their habitats.
You can also help by supporting the work of zoologists, environmental filmmakers and photographers, and environmental educators. The work of these professionals helps slow the extinction of many global species.
If you enjoy seeing wildlife, learn how to protect it in your own backyard by planting native plant species and removing harmful pests. This will help give wild animals food, shelter, and a safe place to raise their young.