What Is Wildlife?
Wildlife is a word that encompasses all the animals living in the wild, including birds, fish, mammals, and reptiles. It also includes plants and microorganisms, which are essential to life on Earth.
There are a wide range of different types of wildlife, some of which are more threatened than others. The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) has created a Red List to monitor species at risk of becoming extinct.
Some of the most endangered animal species include rhinoceros, tigers, bears, and dolphins. Many of these species are in danger from hunting, disease, pollution, habitat loss, and other factors that can cause them to become extinct.
In order to protect these species, governments around the world have set aside areas for them to live and thrive. Often, these parks are called “refuges” or “sanctuaries.”
The government also sets limits on how many of these animals can be hunted. This can be done through game laws or other regulations that prohibit killing certain animals to prevent overpopulation.
As humans grew more powerful, they became increasingly involved in managing wildlife. They began using animals for labor, entertainment, and protection. Some lions, bears, and tigers were trained to do tasks for humans, while elephants became beasts of burden. Other animals were kept in cages to educate or entertain people.
Today, the human population has grown exponentially over the past two centuries to more than seven billion people worldwide, and the use of natural resources is also increasing. This growth has led to a number of issues that are harmful to wildlife, as well as human health and safety.
Among the most important issues that affect wildlife are climate change, pollution, and overhunting and poaching. These activities have caused severe upheavals in ecosystems, leaving some animals and plants to compete for scarce resources.
Warmer temperatures are also affecting water chemistry, which may harm some marine animals, and invasive species can spread into new areas.
Some animal populations are undergoing rapid declines as a result of these factors. In addition, some species are being hunted for their meat or body parts.
Wildlife is also in danger from human-caused pollution, which can lead to the death of fish, turtles, and other marine organisms. The most common causes of pollution are industrial waste and agricultural chemicals.
Illegal wildlife trade is another significant threat to wildlife. The United States government works with customs officials and wildlife traders to stop illegal shipments of protected plants and animals.
The USFWS has a dedicated team that works to protect wildlife and their habitats from illegal trade. They work closely with TRAFFIC, an organization that monitors the global trade in wild animals and plants.
These efforts are critical to the protection of wildlife and their habitats, and to help ensure that future generations can enjoy them as much as we do. The United States is a member of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora, which regulates the importing and exporting of thousands of wildlife species.